Husqvarna is a brand used by various factories, all linked to the Husqvarna Vapenfabrik ("Husqvarna arms factory"), founded in 1689 to produce muskets for the Swedish army.
In 1903 the company took the plunge and began producing motorcycles. In 1920 the production of engines began, the first was a 50 degree V-twin 4-stroke with a displacement of 550 cm3, similar to that produced by companies such as Harley Davidson and Indian. However, although Husqvarna is known for its multi-championship enduro and cross bikes, before the war production was oriented only to the road segment, and it took part in speed races with them, obtaining decent results: a 500 European Championship in 1933 and the 350 class Italian GP in 1936.
In the sixties and seventies, the Swedish company's 2-stroke off-road vehicles made the English 4-strokes, which previously dominated the various categories, obsolete. During the '60s and '70s Husqvarna added to its palmarès 16 world championships in motocross in all 3 categories (125, 250 and 500) and 21 world championships in enduro.